Laboratoire de Phonétique et Phonologie Research

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Month: June 2016

How to Sanitize a Toothbrush

unduhan-5Cleaning our toothbrush is that one thing we frequently overlook and disparage. In the event that you see the Petri dish in which the microorganisms from your toothbrush are put, you will fear to brush your teeth without cleaning your toothbrush, whenever.

You toothbrush is that one thing that you use on daily basis and it needs to be sanitized. You need to sanitize it because it cleans all the germs and bacteria from your teeth and mouth and plain water is not really efficient in sanitizing your toothbrush. Running water on the bristles of your toothbrush does not sanitize it. In fact, it is said that this method of cleaning your brush is as good as keeping it dirty.

There are many effective ways in which individuals can sanitize their toothbrushes. Let’s look at the different ways for doing so.

Different Ways to Sanitize Your Toothbrush

Antiseptic Mouthwash: Dip your toothbrush in an antiseptic mouthwash for about 15 minutes. Remove the brush after 15 minutes, clean it with plain water or hot water and let it dry. Do not put a cap on your brush without allowing the brush to dry. These antiseptic mouthwashes help in killing the germs and bacteria and sanitizes your toothbrush.

Place it in the Microwave: Place your toothbrush in the microwave for about 15 seconds. It has been tested that the microwave radiations kills the bacteria and germs in your toothbrush.

Dishwasher: According to a test, sanitizing a toothbrush in a dishwasher gives the most efficient results in killing microbes. This method has been proven to be more effective than cleaning a toothbrush by running hot water on it, and by cleaning a brush with an aqua blast.

Boil It: Another efficient way of sanitizing a toothbrush is by using the traditional method of boiling a toothbrush in a container. Do this for about 15 minutes and then let it dry. The only disadvantage associated with this method is, that the bristles of your toothbrush will wear out sooner than the normal time span it would take. Though this method cannot be used for electric toothbrushes.

Toothbrush Sanitizers: There are many toothbrush sanitizers available in the market. They come in the form of a toothbrush holder, a toothbrush stand, and a little steripod wherein you can place the bristle part of the toothbrush and store it.

Use Ultraviolet Sterilizing Lamp: You can also sterilize your toothbrush by using an Ultraviolet Sterilizing Lamp. In an ultraviolet sterilizing lamp, you need to invert your toothbrush and place in the sterilizing unit. The cap of this unit is translucent and there is light glowing in it, which lets you know if the unit is working or no. It goes on for 10 minutes and automatically stops after that.

Steam and Dry Heat: There are other electronic sanitizing units that sanitize toothbrushes by using steam and dry heat.

Hydrogen Peroxide (H202) Solution: You can sanitize your toothbrush by storing it the solution of hydrogen peroxide and change it daily. Though I don’t think that it’s a very convenient method of sanitizing your toothbrush.

White Vinegar: Pour some white vinegar in a container and keep your inverted toothbrush soaked in it, overnight. This will sanitize your brush but it is not a 100% effective method.

A Few Tips on Keeping You Toothbrush Clean

  • Don’t keep all the toothbrushes in one stand or a toothbrush holder. As, the germs from one brush can transfer to the other very easily.
  • Throw the brush if it’s bristles have bended.
  • Throw the toothbrush of a person who has recovered from an ailment immediately, so that there is no possibility of the transfer of bacteria from the sick person’s toothbrush to the other.
  • Change your brush every 2-3 months.

It’s important to keep your toothbrush clean and hygienic as much as possible. Because a septic brush leads to formations of more microbes, which in turn will provoke many related diseases and problems like heart diseases, bad breath, inflammation and tooth decay. Keep you toothbrush sanitized and flaunt that beautiful smile!

Tips to Clean an Electric Toothbrush

Despite the fact that electric toothbrushes are more costly than consistent ones, numerous individuals are utilizing it to keep their gums and teeth solid. The individuals who have utilized an electric toothbrush feel that it is more viable when contrasted with manual toothbrushes. Some vibe its impact is comparable to proficient teeth cleaning led by dental practitioners. It is very advantageous for elderly individuals or the individuals who are experiencing joint inflammation or muscle issues and can’t move a manual brush to connect with the back teeth.

Cleaning an Electric Toothbrush

Regular washing of an electric toothbrush is a must from a hygienic point of view. Soon after brushing your teeth, hold the toothbrush, turned on under running warm water for about 10 seconds. While cleaning the head of the brush, press and rub the bristles with your thumb. This is done to get rid of the toothpaste residues left behind in between the bristles. Avoid using cold water as it cannot remove the toothpaste stuck on the bristles properly. Before you clean up the handle of the brush, turn off the brush and detach its head from the handle. Now, put the handle under running warm water of the faucet to rinse off the toothpaste from its surface. After that, wipe off the handle with a clean piece of cloth. Then assemble the toothbrush and let it air dry by placing it into the cup in upright position. This way you can maintain the toothbrush in a good, usable condition for a long time. Usually, an electric toothbrush can be used for 3-6 months, which depends on the manufacturer’s recommendations. You may have to replace it before that if you find that the cleaning head of the toothbrush has worn down.

Sanitizing an Electric Toothbrush

A deep cleaning of the electric toothbrush is recommended at least once every month in order to disinfect the bristles. Besides, you should also opt for cleaning the toothbrush after you had a bout of cold as it is carrier of germs that flourish inside the mouth when you have a cold.

Procedure
This cleaning procedure involves use of bleach and water. Prepare a solution by mixing one cap of bleach in a glass of water. Make sure that the concentration of the bleach in the solution is not too high, as it can cause damage to the bristles. You must detach the head of the brush from its body before dipping it into the cleaning solution. Soak the brush head into the prepared bleaching solution for half an hour to destroy the germs flourishing on it. After that, take the toothbrush out of the cleaning solution and place it under running tap water to rinse off the bleach from it. While doing so, rub your fingers over the bristles to ensure that no trace of bleaching solution remains in them. Once you are sure that the bleach has been washed off completely, place the wet toothbrush on a dry towel so that the excess water is soaked up. This will ensure faster drying up of the brush head. Similarly, you can use hydrogen peroxide solution to sanitize an electric toothbrush.

The body or the handle of the toothbrush also requires thorough cleaning from time to time. However, do not dip the body of the toothbrush into bleaching solution as it can cause damage to its circuit. Take a pinch of detergent on a damp washcloth and wipe the dirty areas of the handle with it. To clean up the dirt and debris accumulated inside the crevices of the toothbrush body, rub a regular toothbrush over these areas. Finally, rinse off with fresh tap water. Let it dry up before you place it back on the charger.

After cleaning, the brush has to be stored properly. Never store an electric toothbrush in a closed cabinet as it promotes growth of bacteria on the bristles. Another thing that has to be taken care of is that it is not kept along with too many brushes in the same cup or brush holder because it increases the chance of spreading germs from one brush to another. It should be kept in a clean place in the bathroom so that airborne germs from the untidy bathroom do not use your toothbrush as their breeding ground.

How to Overcome Your Fear of the Dentist

In the event that God gave individuals a choice to either sit on a dental practitioner’s seat or face moment passing, I barely think I would be an exemption in picking demise. On the off chance that you comprehend the inclination, you are one of the 15% of Americans who experience the ill effects of dental tension or dental fear. Much the same as most different fears, dental tension depends on nonsensical feelings of trepidation and consequently, there are approaches to defeat it!

For many people, visiting a dentist is a dreadful prospect. The phobia itself is debilitating and is the leading cause of skipped dental checkups. Well, if you’re waiting for one good reason why you should proactively banish this fear, then here’s a good one. Poor dental health can lead to heart disease!

Of course, heart disease is a worst-case scenario. However, it is in the interest of your physical well-being to practice good oral hygiene, which includes regular visits to the dentist. It is quite possible that the scary looking procedures may not even be necessary for your particular condition. In addition, inculcating a habit of visiting the dentist regularly helps build a relationship with the dentist, which will help allay your fears. Often, becoming used to the pain increases your ability to tolerate pain. With subsequent visits to the dentist, you will realize that what seemed at first to be an unbearable procedure is no longer a big deal.

Causes of Dental Anxiety
If you don’t suffer from dental phobia but want to help someone who does, you might want to check out the causes for this fear.

Prior Experience: If someone has had a painful dental visit or has seen someone else have a painful experience while accompanying them, chances are they will develop a phobia during subsequent visits. Sometimes, the procedure itself may not have been painful but humiliation by the dentist or insensitivity to the patient’s anxiety aggravates the phobia.

Anxiety Disorder or Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): Some individuals suffer from general anxiety disorders and PTSD and dental phobia is only one of their many fears.

Abusive History: Victims of sexual and emotional abuse often associate similar fears when under the care of a person of authority. A dentist may appear abusive to such a victim even though there has been no real incident. Add to that an unusually stern dentist, dental phobia is the only escape for these patients.

Tips to Overcome Dental Phobia
Now that you are aware of some of the causes of dental anxiety, let us take a look at some ways to overcome fear of the dentist.

Choose Your Dentist: Instead of just heading off to the nearest dental clinic, scout around for a dentist who is likely to accept your anxiety. Speak to your friends and family and check if they know a “compassionate” dentist. Chances are, if you find someone who regularly visits a dentist, they most likely do that because they trust the dentist. Because dental phobia is so common, there are dentists who specialize in treating patients with anxiety. Check if you can find such a specialist close to your area. Don’t let your first appointment be the one that requires you to be sitting in the dentist’s chair with your mouth wide open. Make a brief appointment first, to get to know the dentist and use the opportunity to let him/her know of your dental phobia. Let him/her know of that horrible experience you had with the other dentist. During the actual appointment, ask the doctor to slow down the pace of treatment instead of hurrying through the process to “get over with it quickly”. Sometimes, letting the patient know what’s coming and how “little” it will hurt helps to calm them down. If the dentist specializes in handling anxiety related cases, he will know how to handle the case.

Use of Sedation: In cases where you’re unable to sit still without fearing the worst, the dentist may find it difficult to perform procedures such as tooth extraction. In such cases, the dentist may prescribe inhalation, oral or intravenous (IV) sedation before the procedure, for dental anxiety treatment. Sedation relieves anxiety and you’ll be conscious during the procedure. However, you may be advised not to drive and you may be asked to bring along someone for support/company for up to a few hours after the sedation is administered.

General Anesthesia: In rare cases such as young children or people with special needs, general anesthesia may be used for difficult dental procedures. This must be done under extreme caution and as a last resort if no other non-invasive alternative is available.

Psychological Support: In case of any treatment, a non-invasive approach is undoubtedly the safest bet. It is sort of an overlap with a few things we already discussed above where the dentist attempts what is also called behavior management techniques ranging from “taking it slowly” to “telling you what to expect”. Alternately, the dentist may refer you to a mental health professional for counseling. Incidentally, behavior management techniques work well with most people and so you must give it a try.

Hypnosis: Another form of non-invasive therapy to treat dental phobia, hypnosis involves sending the patient into a “trance state” where the hypnotherapist (your dentist may also be one) gives you a set of instructions to follow. Audio hypnosis uses CDs that enable patients to listen to the hypnotherapy instructions and practice relaxation at home. In the “hypnotic state”, the hypnotherapist can induce numbness in the area where the procedure is to be performed. Alternatively, continued hypnotherapy also helps to alleviate dental phobia such that you can get rid of your fears even before you visit the dentist. However, this form of treatment is not recommended for everyone especially those with a history of trauma. Your dentist or hypnotherapist can be the best judge whether you qualify for this treatment. But for those patients who did undergo hypnosis, the results have been promising.

Calm Yourself Down: This is not as difficult as you think. If the sound of dental drills and other equipment is a major cause of your anxiety, bring along a portable music player to deafen yourself to the scary sounds.

Some Good News
Now that we have seen some ways to overcome your fear of the dentist, here are some technological advances in dentistry that might reduce your fears considerably even before you try anxiety treatments. The dental drills have become quieter and some models of the drills permit the patient to switch it off when they wish. This helps people who fear loss of control during such procedures. There are also numbing gels and anesthetic sprays that promise a near painless experience. The “magic wand” has replaced needles (not widely available yet) and is helpful for those with needle phobia. If you’re afraid of dental implant pain, you might want to try keyhole surgery for dental implants (also not widely available yet) that is less invasive and recovery is considerably faster. More recently, it has been reported that a new painless cavity drill is likely to be available in two years. It consists of a “plasma brush” that could treat rotten teeth by hollowing it out in seconds with just a cooling sensation. The filling will also last much longer with this brush.

Well, as you can see, there’s much hope for those with dental anxiety not just with therapy to relieve phobia but also with modern technological advances in dentistry. We recommend that you do not wait for the modern painless dental tools to hit the market. Make an effort towards overcoming dental anxiety and take your first step now! It is simply not worth it to suffer from obnoxious mouth problems like halitosis and crooked teeth that can be treated easily. You’re more likely to become a social recluse if you continue to delay treatment. And don’t forget about the heart disease risk factors lurking in some corner of your mouth. Hope you can now look forward to that dentist appointment you have been endlessly postponing!

Ways to Choose a Right Toothbrush for Kids

In the morning, with rest in their eyes, most children are hesitant to brush their teeth. In the event that they concur, then they should have their most loved toothpaste and toothbrush as it were. Guardians truly need to battle a considerable measure to make the children brush their teeth. Is picking a right toothbrush for a child, simple? The accompanying article gives fitting approaches to pick a privilege tothbrush for children.

It is said that an apple a day keeps the doctor away. But, the teeth required to eat that apple must be healthy. To maintain healthy teeth one needs to brush them daily. Even slightest ignorance can cause several oral problems. Unlike adults, kids neither understand the need, nor do they know how to take care of their teeth. If they are aware, then there are n number of reasons not to do it. It is solely the responsibility of the parents to encourage them till they learn to do it on their own. Usually, baby teeth are lost around the age of 7-8 years. Until then they help the child speak, eat and smile. According to dental experts, every phase of childhood should have an appropriate toothbrush. It should suit the child in all respects. It should be comfortable, as well as attractive. The following paragraph offers various ways of choosing a right toothbrush for a kid.

An Ideal Toothbrush for Kids

When you visit a chemist for a toothbrush, he will show you various types that will stagger you. There are long-necked, angle necked or thick-necked brushes with soft bristles to massage the gums, or hard bristles to clean the plaque. However, a toothbrush for your kid should have an elongated handle that will help the child to hold it and move it around comfortably. Groves on the thick handle naturally lend a better grip. It should be fascinating so that the kid likes to use it. Following are some important characteristics to be taken into consideration while choosing a toothbrush.

Bristles
A toothbrush should have soft bristles because a kid’s teeth and gums are in a growing stage. Using a toothbrush with hard bristles will only harm causing pain and sometimes result in bleeding gums. You also need to make sure that the bristles are tiny so that they can help massage your kid’s teeth and gums.

Head
A toothbrush should have a round head as it does not hurt the teeth as well as cheek on the inside. Ideally the head should be according to the size of the child’s mouth rather than age so that it can easily be put into his/her mouth and moved about. So age categories mentioned on the packaging must be considered as guidelines and not the only criterion for selection.

Shape and Style
The shape of the toothbrush’s handle should allow the child proper grip over it. You should avoid choosing ones that do not have an easy grip. The style of the brush should attract the child. There are various toothbrushes available in market having shapes of different animals. You can also try to choose a toothbrush that has pictures of your kid’s favorite cartoon characters. Also, you can buy toothbrushes that have lights flashing for a minute or so, which will make child’s brushing longer and full of fun. For toddlers, look for a toothbrush with long handle which will allow you to brush your child’s teeth.

Electric Toothbrushes

There are a variety of toothbrushes available today, one of them being electric toothbrushes. They have a timer fixed in them. Normally, the timer is set for 3 minutes which allows for longer and complete brushing of teeth. There are either audible or tactile signals that indicate the time has expired and completion of the task. Some of them have an option of setting the speed for brushing either to a high or a low level. Higher level of brushing is effective in most cases. The lower level is usually recommended for beginners because their oral tissues need time to get used to powerful brushing action of higher level. Electric toothbrushes have the facility of replacing heads because the bristles of these brushes also wear out like other toothbrushes.

Some versions of these toothbrushes have characteristics of neat and whitening modes. The later one works on yellowing and plaque formation which results in clean teeth. These brushes are a bit costly than the regular toothbrushes. An electric toothbrush is a rechargeable device. This a safe device as it does not have to be plugged in while in use or recharging, rather, there are batteries inside it which gets recharged through the case without any direct connection. This charging is done through induction. The prices of electric toothbrushes vary according to their functional quality and starts from $14. The higher end versions of this product are available in the range of $100-$179.

Where to Get Best Toothbrushes?

Nowadays, there are a variety of toothbrushes available at the chemists and druggists. Also, there are several websites that advertise best toothbrushes for kids. Interestingly, along with the regular toothbrushes, electric toothbrushes are also available. Generally, the best age for your kid to start using an electric toothbrush is 8 because, by this time children are able to handle things more independently. But, it is most important to consult your dentist before choosing an electric toothbrush.

I hope, this article will guide you to choose a right toothbrush for your kid. Know that your task is not finished with choosing a right toothbrush for your kid as it needs to be replaced monthly or once in two months. If your kid is small, he or she will take some time to realize that it really helps to keep the teeth healthy and strong. Until, then best of luck!